Our publications aim to provide in-depth information on issues that are at the forefront of the European agenda, including commentary, research, and policy recommendations.

LEAP produces policy briefs, working papers, five bullets and a monthly newsletter. All publications are available online.

Policy Briefs

C. Bastasin: A critical assessment of German Rearmament

If it was not for the events in Ukraine, at any other time Germany’s rearmament, announced by surprise on February 27 ...

March, 14 2022

L. Bini Smaghi – La Riforma del Patto di Stabilità e Crescita: Ce n’è veramente bisogno?

Con la graduale uscita dall’emergenza pandemica e il consolidamento della ripresa economica si avvicina la fine del pe...

February, 24 2022

S. Micossi – Managing sovereign debts held by the ESCB: operational and legal constraints

Following the proposal by Avgouleas and Micossi (2021) and Micossi (2021), several authors (Amato and Saraceno 2022, Bag...

February, 23 2022

M. Messori – Italy’s national Recovery and Resilience Plan: Efficient use of resources and social well-being

The extraordinary funds made available by Next Generation-EU (NGEU), and – in particular – by its most impor...

February, 14 2022

C. De Vincenti – The “do no significant harm” principle: Two possible interpretations

With the European Commission’s recent draft document that includes, albeit under restrictive conditions, gas and ...

February, 2 2022

S. Micossi – Reform of the Stability Pact: First principles

 A crowded seminar held by the Astrid Foundation has launched in Italy the discussion on the future of the European...

January, 27 2022

M. Buti, G. Papaconstantinou – European Public Goods: How can we supply more?

The discussion on the supply and finance of public goods at European level is part and parcel of the broader discussion ...

January, 26 2022

D. Gros: A (E)U-turn from Nord Stream 2 towards a European Strategic Gas Reserve

The EU does not have an army. It thus cannot defend Ukraine from a Russian invasion, but it can at least put itself in a...

January, 26 2022

A. Boitani, R. Tamborini: Reforming the European fiscal governance. Beyond new rules

As of March 2020, at the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, the fiscal rules of the European Economic and Monetary Union...

January, 25 2022

Working Papers

C.De Vincenti, P. Bonaretti: Mercato dei farmaci e governance regolatoria

L’attuale assetto di regolazione del mercato farmaceutico nel nostro Paese è segnato da due elementi costitutivi del...

May, 12 2021

C. Oldani, B. Giannini – Sustainability of public debt in Europe: the use of swaps

This study contributes to the literature on public debt sustainability and investigates whether European countries manag...

April, 28 2021

S. De Nardis, F. Parente: Technology, Task and wage-bill changes in the EU countries

Drawing on the methodological framework from Acemoglu and Restrepo (2019), this paper investigates the influence of tech...

March, 24 2021

R. Jakubeit: The Wirecard scandal and the role of BaFin

The objective of this paper is to derive policy lessons for capital markets supervision in the EU from the 2020 scandal ...

March, 22 2021

P. Benigno, P. Canofari, G. Di Bartolomeo, M. Messori: The ECB’s Measures in Support of the COVID-19 Crisis

This paper illustrates and discusses the monetary policies activated in response to the COVID-19 crisis. We argue that t...

March, 4 2021

D. Di Cagno, A. Fabrizi, M. Marini, V. Meliciani: Knowledge networks in joint research projects, innovation and economic growth across European regions

This paper investigates the role played by the position of European regions in research networks on their rate of innova...

January, 31 2021

A. Franconi – Opening the Black Box of Austerity: Evidence from Fiscal Consolidation Plans

This paper explores the effects of austerity measures on labour markets and on income inequality and finds evidence of a...

January, 20 2021

C. Battiati, C. Jona-Lasinio, E. Marvasi, S. Sopranzetti – Market power and productivity trends in the European economies: A macroeconomic perspective

Recent empirical investigations have documented an upward trend in profit rates, markups, and concentration over the las...

January, 18 2021

J. Bonchi, F. S. Lucidi – Asset Price Bubbles with Low Interest Rates: Not All Bubbles are Likely to Emerge

Leveraged asset price bubbles, i.e., boom-bust phases in asset prices accompanied by credit overhangs, are more harmful ...

December, 5 2020

Five Bullets


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