Working Papers

G. Bruzzone, M. Cassella, S. Micossi: The EU Regulatory Framework for Bank Resolution

The financial crisis of 2008-09 and the ensuing sovereign debt and banking crises within the eurozone exposed the presence of massive moral hazard within banking systems, that led to over-borrowing and excessive risk-taking by many large banks. In order to avoid the meltdown of financial systems, national governments were forced to underpin the balance sheets of these banks and take up large losses, eventually borne by taxpayers. The regulatory response was masterminded at the international level by the G-20 and its offspring, the Financial Stability Board (FSB);4 it was mainly centred on improving the governance and risk management of the banks, reducing regulatory forbearance, and eliminating or at least greatly reducing legal and institutional incentives that had fostered excessive risk-taking.5 Among the latter measures, a paramount role would be played by the new rules on bank capital (the Basel III Accord) and bank resolution.

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