A. Fabrizi, G. Guarini, V. Meliciani – The impact of environmental research networks on green exports: an analysis of a sample of European countries
This paper studies the impact of environmental research networks on green exports by providing a unique contribution to the studies on the role of eco-open innovation for international competitiveness. Specifically, we adopt the technology gap model of international trade to study the impact of green innovation and the participation in European environmental research programs on green exports for 26 European countries over the period 2004 - 2015. We find that both environmental innovation and research networks positively impact on green exports and that they have a complementary effect that highlights the importance of green absorptive capacity. Moreover, all institutional sectors involved in the networks (firms, universities and public research centers) matter for green competitiveness, with universities playing a major role for institutional complementarities.